Jamaica dogwood (Piscidia erythrina, syn. Piscidia piscipula)

Jamaica dogwood (Piscidia erythrina, syn. Piscidia piscipula) Other common names: Jamaican dogwood, fishfudle, fish poison bark, chijol, jabin, West Indian Dogwood. *NOT to be confused with other species of dogwood, some of which […]

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Lime (Citrus medica var. acida)

Lime (Citrus medica var. acida) Other common names: Citrus acida, Citrus acris, Mexican lime, Persian lime (different subspecies), Citrus limetta var. aromatica, lime oil   *Note: There are other species of lime, such […]

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Eyebright (Euphrasia officinalis)

Eyebright (Euphrasia officinalis) Other common names: Euphrasia herb, augentrostkraut, oculara, euphrasy *Note: There are several medicinal species in the euphrasia genus, many of which have hybridized with each other over time. […]

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Echinacea (Echinacea spp.)

Echinacea (Echinacea spp.) Other common names: Purple coneflower, black sampson, elk root, Indian head, hedgehog, pale purple coneflower (E. pallida), Narrow-leaf purple coneflower (E. augustofolia), black susan, red sunflower *This entry pertains to […]

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Jasmine (Jasminum officinale)

Jasmine (Jasminum officinale) Other common names: Common jasmine *There are several other species of jasmine, some of which used for similar purposes, particularly in aromatherapy. The following information may not be […]

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Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)

Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) Other common names: Anethum piperitum (syn.), carosella, sweet fennel, shatapuspha, fenkel * There are several other varieties of fennel, including ones called Florence fennel (Foeniculum  vulgare var. azoricum) and common garden fennel (F. Capillaceum or officinale) – these […]

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Pellitory (Anacyclus pyrethrum)

Pellitory (Anacyclus pyrethrum) Other common names: Pyrethrum officinarum (syn.), Pyrethri radix (syn.), Anthemis pyrethrum (syn.), Matricaria pyrethrum (syn.), pellitory of Spain, Spanish chamomile, Akkal-Kara/Akarkara. *Not to be confused with Pellitory-of-the-wall, […]

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Red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea)

Red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea)  Other common names: syn. C. stolonifera, Swida sericea, red willow, red stem dogwood, Western dogwood, American dogwood, creek dogwood, box tree. The following information may not be re-posted, copied […]

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Elecampane (Inula helenium)

Elecampane (Inula helenium) Other common names: Horse heal, yellow starwort, wild sunflower, elf dock, velvet dock, scabwort, marchalan (Welsh), aster helenium, echter alant or alantwurzel (German), horse elder The following information […]

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Damiana (Turnera diffusa)

Damiana (Turnera diffusa) Other common names: Turnera aphrodisiaca (syn.), old woman’s broom, damiana leaf, Mexican damiana, rosemary (not the same plant as the more commonly known culinary herb, Rosmarinus officinalis.) The following […]

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Catnip (Nepeta cataria)

Catnip (Nepeta cataria) Other common names: Catmint, field balm, cat’s wort, catnep The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and appropriate credit given. Please contact […]

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Bergamot (Monarda didyma)

Bergamot (Monarda didyma) Other common names: Oswego tea, bee balm (a few plants are known by this common name), crimson bee balm, scarlet bee balm, scarlet monarda *Not to be confused with wild bergamot (Monarda […]

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Peony (Paeonia officinalis)

Peony (Paeonia officinalis) syn. Paeonia Corallina Other common names: Paeony, peony root, common peony, farmers peony, chi shao, moutan, udsalam *In herbal journals, there are references to a “male peony” and “female peony”…these are […]

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Kava (Piper methysticum)

Kava (Piper methysticum) Other common names: Kava-kava, yongona, wurzelstock, kawa, long pepper, ava pepper, ava root, gi, gea, rauschpfeffer, sakau, tonga, waka, yaqona, yaquon, awa, maluk, malohu, intoxicating pepper. The following information may not […]

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Sweet almond (Prunus amygdalus var. dulcus)

Sweet almond (Prunus amygdalus var. dulcus) Other names: Amygdalus communis, Amygdalus dulcis, Prunus dulcis var. dulcis *Note: This plant is different from its relative, bitter almond (var. amara), mostly in that it has no […]

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Coffee (Coffea arabica)

Coffee (Coffea arabica) Other names: Java, caffea (There is another plant  that can be sold commercially as coffee, which is Coffea canephora – because of its high caffeine level it […]

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Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum)

Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) Other names: Basil,  common basil, garden basil, Saint Joseph’s Wort, brenhinllys (Welsh) The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and appropriate credit […]

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Tulsi basil (Ocimum tenuiflorum)

Tulsi basil (Ocimum tenuiflorum) Other names: Ocimum sanctum, holy basil, tulasī The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and appropriate credit given. Please contact me via email […]

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Dill (Anethum graveolens)

Dill (Anethum graveolens) Other common names: Fructus anethi, Lao coriander, dill weed, kapor (Hungary), marar (Romania) The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and appropriate […]

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Star anise (Illicium verum)

Star anise (Illicium verum) Other common names: Chinese anise, Chinese star anise, eight-horned anise, eight horns, badiana. *Not to be confused with “anise” or “Japanese anise” (Illicium anisatum), the latter of which […]

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Anise (Pimpinella anisum)

Anise (Pimpinella anisum) Other common names: Aniseed, Anisum vulgare, Anisum officinalis *NOT to be confused with the similar but unrelated herb called star anise. The following information may not be […]

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Rose (Rosa spp.)

Rose (Rosa spp.) Other common names: Apothecary rose, tea rose, cabbage rose, wild rose, dog rose, damask rose, and other species. The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published […]

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Vitex (Vitex agnus-castus)

Vitex (Vitex agnus-castus) Other common names: Chasteberry, chaste tree, monk’s pepper, Abraham’s balm, hemp tree, agnocasto The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and […]

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Peppermint (Mentha piperita)

Peppermint (Mentha piperita) Other names: M. balsamea, brandy mint The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and appropriate credit given. Please contact me via email […]

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Violet, Sweet (Viola odorata)

Violet, Sweet (Viola odorata) Other common names: Garden violet, common violet, wood violet, English violet The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and appropriate […]

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Pine (Pinus spp.)

Pine (Pinus spp.) Other common names: Balsam fir, white pine, Pinus sylvestrus, and others (various species). The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and […]

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Birch, Common (Betula alba)

Birch, Common (Betula alba) Other common names: Monoecia triandria, white birch, Betula pendula alba, B. pubescens, B. verrucosa The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and appropriate […]

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Blueberry/Bilberry (Vaccinium spp.)

Blueberry (Vaccinium spp.) Other common names: Vaccinium corymbosum (North America’s most common blueberry variety), Vaccinium myrtillus (known in Europe as bilberry) and other species under the same common names, whortleberry, high bush […]

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Chickweed (Stellaria media)

Chickweed (Stellaria media) Other names: Starweed, star chickweed, Alsine media, augentrosgräs (German) The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and appropriate credit given. Please […]

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Wood betony (Stachys betonica, aka Betonica officinalis)

Wood betony (Stachys betonica, aka Betonica officinalis) Other common name: Bishopswort The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and appropriate credit given. Please contact me […]

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Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) Other common name: Rosemarine, garden rosemary The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and appropriate credit given. Please contact me via […]

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Arnica (Arnica montana)

Arnica (Arnica montana) Other common names: Mountain tobacco, leopard’s bane The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and appropriate credit given. Please contact me […]

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Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium, or Chrysanthemum parthenium)

Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium , or Chrysanthemum parthenium) Other common names: bachelor’s buttons, Pyrethrum parthenium, featherfew, flirtwort, wild chamomile, Santa Maria The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published […]

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Cumin (Cuminum cyminum)

Cumin (Cuminum cyminum) Other common names: Cumino aigro, sometimes spelled “Cummin”, Kreuzkümmel Family: Apiaceae The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and appropriate credit given. Please […]

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Spearmint (Mentha spicata)

Spearmint (Mentha spicata) Other common names: Mackerel mint, Mentha viridis, sage of Bethlehem, frauen munze, lamb mint. Family:  Lamiaceae The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and […]

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Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia, or Lavandula officinalis)

Lavender (Lavandula augustifolia, or Lavandula officinalis). Note: This information also applies to the commonly grown L. stoechas, L. dentata, and L. multifida, although L. augustifolia tends to be the most […]

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Wild teasel (Dipsacus fullonum, syn. Dipsacus sylvestris)

Wild teasel (Dipsacus fullonum, syn. Dipsacus sylvestris) Other common names: Fuller’s teasel (wild species, as opposed to the cultivated species, which may also be called Fuller’s teasel…both varieties may also be referred […]

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Elder (Sambucus nigra)

Elder (Sambucus nigra) Other common names: Black elder, ellhorn (German), pipe tree, elderberry, European elder, hylantree, bour- or boretree. Caution: Do not consume red elder berries, this is not the same species […]

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Goldenrod (Solidago virgaurea)

Goldenrod (Solidago virgaurea) Other common names: Verge d’Or, solidago, goldruthe, woundwort, Aaron’s rod, Goldrutenkraut (German) The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and appropriate […]

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