Eyebright (Euphrasia officinalis)

Eyebright (Euphrasia officinalis) Other common names: Euphrasia herb, augentrostkraut, oculara, euphrasy *Note: There are several medicinal species in the euphrasia genus, many of which have hybridized with each other over time. […]

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St. John’s Wort (Hypericum perforatum)

St. John’s Wort (Hypericum perforatum) Other common names: Demon chaser, klamath weed, amber, chase-devil, goatweed, rosin rose, tipton’s weed The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission […]

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Echinacea (Echinacea spp.)

Echinacea (Echinacea spp.) Other common names: Purple coneflower, black sampson, elk root, Indian head, hedgehog, pale purple coneflower (E. pallida), Narrow-leaf purple coneflower (E. augustofolia), black susan, red sunflower *This entry pertains to […]

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Dead nettles (Lamium spp.)

Dead nettles (Lamium spp.) Other common names: Archangel, henbit, blind nettle, bee nettle, deaf nettle *Note: This entry covers the three most widely used dead nettle species – white (Lamium album), […]

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Jasmine (Jasminum officinale)

Jasmine (Jasminum officinale) Other common names: Common jasmine *There are several other species of jasmine, some of which used for similar purposes, particularly in aromatherapy. The following information may not be […]

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Irish moss (Chondrus crispus)

Irish moss (Chondrus crispus) *Note: There have been concerns expressed by some that carrageenan -a constituent extracted from Irish moss – may cause inflammation and other potential health risks. The validity […]

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Fireweed (Chamerion angustifolium)

Fireweed (Chamerion angustifolium) Other common names: Common fireweed, great willow herb, rose bay willow herb, wicopy, blooming Sally, wild asparagus, purple rocket, perennial fireweed *Note that there are several unrelated species with the common […]

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Watercress (Nasturtium officinale)

Watercress (Nasturtium officinale) Other common names: Tall nasturtium, wasserkresse *Not to be confused with Tropaeolum majus, aka Indian cress, or “garden nasturtium.” The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without […]

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Evening primrose (Oenothera biennis)

Evening primrose (Oenothera biennis) Other common names: Evening primrose oil, sundrop, fever plant, common evening primrose, scabish, night candle, night willow, wild beet The following information may not be re-posted, copied […]

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Summer savory (Satureja hortensis)

Summer savory (Satureja hortensis) Other common names: Calamintha hortensis (syn.), bean herb The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and appropriate credit given. Please contact […]

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Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)

Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) Other common names: Anethum piperitum (syn.), carosella, sweet fennel, shatapuspha, fenkel * There are several other varieties of fennel, including ones called Florence fennel (Foeniculum  vulgare var. azoricum) and common garden fennel (F. Capillaceum or officinale) – these […]

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True maidenhair fern (Adiantum capillus-veneris)

True maidenhair fern (Adiantum capillus-veneris) Other common names: Venus hair, Southern maidenhair, five- finger fern, black maidenhair fern, rock fern. *Not to be confused with the maidenhair tree, or common maidenhair (Asplenium […]

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Red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea)

Red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea)  Other common names: syn. C. stolonifera, Swida sericea, red willow, red stem dogwood, Western dogwood, American dogwood, creek dogwood, box tree. The following information may not be re-posted, copied […]

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Elecampane (Inula helenium)

Elecampane (Inula helenium) Other common names: Horse heal, yellow starwort, wild sunflower, elf dock, velvet dock, scabwort, marchalan (Welsh), aster helenium, echter alant or alantwurzel (German), horse elder The following information […]

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Bergamot (Monarda didyma)

Bergamot (Monarda didyma) Other common names: Oswego tea, bee balm (a few plants are known by this common name), crimson bee balm, scarlet bee balm, scarlet monarda *Not to be confused with wild bergamot (Monarda […]

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Peony (Paeonia officinalis)

Peony (Paeonia officinalis) syn. Paeonia Corallina Other common names: Paeony, peony root, common peony, farmers peony, chi shao, moutan, udsalam *In herbal journals, there are references to a “male peony” and “female peony”…these are […]

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Sweet almond (Prunus amygdalus var. dulcus)

Sweet almond (Prunus amygdalus var. dulcus) Other names: Amygdalus communis, Amygdalus dulcis, Prunus dulcis var. dulcis *Note: This plant is different from its relative, bitter almond (var. amara), mostly in that it has no […]

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Tulsi basil (Ocimum tenuiflorum)

Tulsi basil (Ocimum tenuiflorum) Other names: Ocimum sanctum, holy basil, tulasī The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and appropriate credit given. Please contact me via email […]

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Star anise (Illicium verum)

Star anise (Illicium verum) Other common names: Chinese anise, Chinese star anise, eight-horned anise, eight horns, badiana. *Not to be confused with “anise” or “Japanese anise” (Illicium anisatum), the latter of which […]

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Anise (Pimpinella anisum)

Anise (Pimpinella anisum) Other common names: Aniseed, Anisum vulgare, Anisum officinalis *NOT to be confused with the similar but unrelated herb called star anise. The following information may not be […]

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Flax (Linum usitatissimum)

Flax (Linum usitatissimum) Other common names: Linseed, common flaxseed, flax meal, brown flaxseed The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and appropriate credit given. […]

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Papaya (Carica papaya)

Papaya (Carica papaya) Other common names: Papaw, pawpaw, Papaya vulgaris, mamaeire, melon tree The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and appropriate credit given. […]

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Peppermint (Mentha piperita)

Peppermint (Mentha piperita) Other names: M. balsamea, brandy mint The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and appropriate credit given. Please contact me via email […]

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Violet, Sweet (Viola odorata)

Violet, Sweet (Viola odorata) Other common names: Garden violet, common violet, wood violet, English violet The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and appropriate […]

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Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata)

Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata) Other common names: Cultivars include white cabbage (capitata var. alba), red cabbage (capitata f. rubra) and Savoy cabbage (capitata var.sabauda) The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and appropriate credit […]

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Beetroot (Beta vulgaris)

Beetroot (Beta vulgaris) Other common names: Garden beet, table beet, mangel wurzel, spinach beet The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and appropriate credit […]

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Pine (Pinus spp.)

Pine (Pinus spp.) Other common names: Balsam fir, white pine, Pinus sylvestrus, and others (various species). The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and […]

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Apple (Malus communis)

Apple (Malus communis) Other names: Malus domestica, Malus pumila, Pyrus malus The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and appropriate credit given. Please contact me via email […]

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Sunflower (Helianthus annuus)

Sunflower (Helianthus annuus) Other common names: Corona solis, marigold of Peru, Chrysanthemum perunianum The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and appropriate credit given. […]

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Juniper (Juniperus communis)

Juniper (Juniperus communis) Other common names: Old field juniper, mountain juniper, prostrate juniper, dwarf juniper, gemeiner wachholder (German), hackmatack The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without […]

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Aloe vera

Aloe vera (NOT to be confused with Cape aloe, the potent laxative) Family: Xanthorrhoeaceae The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and appropriate credit given. […]

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Chickweed (Stellaria media)

Chickweed (Stellaria media) Other names: Starweed, star chickweed, Alsine media, augentrosgräs (German) The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and appropriate credit given. Please […]

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Wood betony (Stachys betonica, aka Betonica officinalis)

Wood betony (Stachys betonica, aka Betonica officinalis) Other common name: Bishopswort The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and appropriate credit given. Please contact me […]

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Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)

Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) Other common name: Rosemarine, garden rosemary The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published without my permission and appropriate credit given. Please contact me via […]

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Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium, or Chrysanthemum parthenium)

Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium , or Chrysanthemum parthenium) Other common names: bachelor’s buttons, Pyrethrum parthenium, featherfew, flirtwort, wild chamomile, Santa Maria The following information may not be re-posted, copied or published […]

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Plantain (Plantago major – broad-leafed, or plantago lanceolata – narrow-leafed)

Plantain (Plantago major – broad-leafed, or plantago lanceolata – narrow-leafed) Other common names: Ripple grass, slan-lus, waybread, cuckoo’s beard, Englishman’s foot, white man’s foot, Weybroed, snake weed (careful there are […]

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